Kurang Energi Kronis Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Anemia pada Ibu Hamil

  • Subriah Subriah Jurusan Kebidanan Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar
  • Inka Dewi Safitri Jurusan Kebidanan Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar
  • Syaniah Umar Jurusan Kebidanan Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar
  • Djuhadiah Saadong Jurusan Kebidanan Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar

Abstract

KEK (Chronic Energy Deficiency) is a condition caused by an imbalance in nutritional intake, which lasts (chronic) while the anemia in pregnant women is closely related to the nutritional status of pregnant women because anemia is one sign that the mother suffers from malnutrition. This study aims to determine the relationship between chronic energy deficiency and anemia in pregnant women at the Public healthcanter Mangasa, Makassar City. The type of research used is an analytic survey with a cross-sectional design. The sampling technique was purposive sampling with 78 respondents.  The results of the statistical test with the chi-square test are known as the significance value of p (0.005) <α (0.05), meaning that the p value is smaller than the value of α at 95% confidence level with 1 degree of freedom, it can be concluded that the null hypothesis is rejected and this accepted hypothesis means that there is a chronic lack of energy relationship with the incidence of anemia in pregnant women at the Public healthcenter Mangasa, Makassar City. Therefore, health workers are expected to be able to carry out continuous strengthening of KIE (communication, information, and education) in pregnant women with KEK risk and anemia to pay more attention to their health status from all factors in readiness to face pregnancy with a cross-sectoral approach.

References

Aminin, F., Wulandari, A., & Lestari, R. P. (2014). Pengaruh Kekurangan Energi Kronis (KEK) Dengan Kejadian Anemia Pada Ibu Hamil. Jurnal Kesehatan, 5(2), 167–172. https://doi.org/ 10.26630/ jk.v5i2.52.

Ariyani, R. (2016). Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kejadian Anemia pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Mojolaban Kabupaten Sukoharjo [Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta]. http://eprints.ums. ac.id/ 42421/1/NASKAH PUBLIKASI.pdf.

Infodatin. (2014). Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Kemenkes RI. (2015). Pedoman Penanggulangan Kurang Energi Kronik. Direktorat Bina Gizi Dan Direktorat Jenderal Bina Gizi Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak.

Kemenkes RI. (2017). Hasil Pemantauan Status Gizi (PSG) dan Penjelasannya Tahun 2016.

Kemenkes RI. (2018). Laporan Kinerja Ditjen Kesehatan Masyarakat Tahun 2017.

Prawirohardjo, S. (2016). Ilmu Kebidanan. Yayasan Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo.

Puskesmas Mangasa. (2018). Laporan Data Puskesmas.

RISKESDAS. (2018). Hasil Utama RISKESDAS 2018.

Sutanto, A. V., & Fitriana, Y. (2015). Asuhan Pada Kehamilan. Pustaka Baru Press.

WHO. (2015). From MDGs to SDGs. Geneva World Health Organization.

Widya Larasati, E. (2018). Hubungan antara Kekurangan Energi Kronis (KEK) terhadap Kejadian Anemia pada Ibu Hamil di RSKDIA Siti Fatimah Makassar 2018. Jurnal Kesehatan Delima Pelamonia, 2(2), 131–134. https://doi.org/10.37337/jkdp.v2i2.79.

Wijayanti, H. (2016). Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kekurangan Energi Kronik (KEK) pada Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Jetis II Bantul Yogyakarta [Universitas ’Aisyiyah Yogyakarta]. http://digilib.unisayogya.ac.id/1996/.
Published
2021-08-06
How to Cite
SUBRIAH, Subriah et al. Kurang Energi Kronis Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Anemia pada Ibu Hamil. Jurnal Kebidanan Malakbi, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 30 - 34, aug. 2021. ISSN 2720-8842. Available at: <http://jurnal.poltekkesmamuju.ac.id/index.php/b/article/view/383>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.33490/b.v2i2.383.
Section
Articles