Studi Literatur: Efektivitas Model Kesiapsiagaan Bencana di Komunitas

  • I Made Moh. Yanuar Saifudin STIKes Surya Global Yogyakarta
  • Ni Luh Seri Astuti Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
  • Novida Prima Wijayanti Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
  • Marsha Yoke Nancy Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
  • Ahmad Firdaus Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
  • Uki Noviana Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta
  • Sri Warsini Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta

Abstract

Natural disasters occur all over the world and have massive effects. The impact of natural disasters has prompted various studies to find out the effects of a better mitigation and preparedness phase on individuals and communities in reducing the number of victims. Although revious literature are available that discuss disaster preparedness, studies that specifically assess the effectiveness of community-based disaster preparedness training are not available yet. This study aimed to identify effectiveness of community-based disaster preparedness training and which communication media are effective for use in disaster management in society. The literature reviews were conducted using the PRISMA model. The articles were collected from 4 journal databases, including EBSCO, Science Direct, Scopus dan ProQuest. Quality of each articles were assessed by Crowe Critical Appraisal Tool (CCAT). We identified a total of 3 studies. From the data extraction, 4 types of interventions were obtained in increasing disaster preparedness including phone-based intervention, printed media intervention, peer-mentored preparedness (PM-Prep) program and small group discussion intervention. The effectiveness of community-based disaster preparedness training is evidence that is needed to be applied in various countries due to the high prevalence of natural disasters worldwide.

Published
2021-07-29
How to Cite
YANUAR SAIFUDIN, I Made Moh. et al. Studi Literatur: Efektivitas Model Kesiapsiagaan Bencana di Komunitas. Jurnal Kesehatan Manarang, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 34 - 42, july 2021. ISSN 2528-5602. Available at: <https://jurnal.poltekkesmamuju.ac.id/index.php/m/article/view/342>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.33490/jkm.v7i1.342.
Section
Articles