Pengetahuan Kader Posyandu dan Ibu Balita Tentang Pemberian Asi Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Campalagian
A Breastfeeding is one of the significant components in preventing stunting among under-five children. Breastmilk contains immune substances and nutrients that are suitable for the baby's needs. Therefore, the implementation of early breastfeeding initiation and exclusive breastfeeding is crucial. However, during the Covid-19 pandemic, breastfeeding became quite a worry for mothers because they were worried about the transmission of the coronavirus from mother to baby. With a qualitative approach, this study aimed to explore the knowledge of Posyandu cadres and under-five mothers regarding breastfeeding during the Covid-19 pandemic. A total of 10 cadres and 20 under-five mothers were involved as main informants. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim. The data were analyzed through three stages, namely coding, categorization, and determining the theme. This study shows that all informants stated that mothers can transmit the coronavirus to their babies through breast milk. Most of the informants stated that mothers who were positive for Covid-19 were not allowed to breastfeed their babies, including early initiation of breastfeeding. In addition, the informants also argued that under six months infants can be fed with formula milk if the mother is confirmed positive for Covid-19. Therefore, it can be concluded that the level of knowledge of Posyandu cadres and mothers of toddlers regarding breastfeeding during the Covid-19 pandemic is still low. Health workers need to carry out health promotions and education to the public about breastfeeding during the Covid-19 pandemic so that the achievement of breastfeeding remains on target.
Arisani, G., & Sukriani, W. (2020). Determinan Perilaku Menyusui dengan Keberhasilan ASI Eksklusif di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Menteng Kota Palangka Raya. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan, 3(2), 104–115. https://doi.org/10.33368/woh.v0i0.294
Bhatt, N. (2020). Breastfeeding in India is disrupted as mothers and babies are separated in the pandemic. The BMJ, 370, 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m3316
Brockway, M., Benzies, K., & Hayden, K. A. (2017). Interventions to Improve Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy and Resultant Breastfeeding Rates: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Human Lactation, 33(3), 486–499. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334417707957
Brown, A., & Shenker, N. (2021). Experiences of breastfeeding during Covid-19: Lessons for future practical and emotional support. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 17(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13088
Cacho, N. T., & Lawrence, R. M. (2017). Innate immunity and breast milk. Frontiers in Immunology, 8(MAY). https://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00584
Cheema, R., Partridge, E., Kair, L. R., Kuhn-Riordon, K. M., Silva, A. I., Bettinelli, M. E., Chantry, C. J., Underwood, M. A., Lakshminrusimha, S., & Blumberg, D. (2020). Protecting Breastfeeding during the COVID-19 Pandemic. American Journal of Perinatology, 95817. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1714277
Costantini, C., Joyce, A., & Britez, Y. (2021). Breastfeeding Experiences During the Covid-19 Lockdown in the United Kingdom: An Exploratory Study Into Maternal Opinions and Emotional States. Journal of Human Lactation, 00(0), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1177/08903344211026565
Doğa Öcal, F., Vural Yılmaz, Z., Ceyhan, M., Fadıl Kara, O., & Küçüközkan, T. (2017). Early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding: Factors influencing the attitudes of mothers who gave birth in a baby-friendly hospital. Journal of Turkish Society of Obstetric and Gynecology, 14(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.4274/tjod.90018
Edmond, K., Newton, S., Hurt, L., Shannon, C. S., Kirkwood, B. R., Mazumder, S., Taneja, S., Bhandari, N., Smith, E. R., Honorati, M., Fawzi, W., Piwoz, E., Bahl, R., Yoshida, S., & Martines, J. C. (2016). Timing of initiation, patterns of breastfeeding, and infant survival: Prospective analysis of pooled data from three randomised trials. The Lancet Global Health, 4(4), e266–e275. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(16)00040-1
Elyas, L., Mekasha, A., Admasie, A., & Assefa, E. (2017). Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers Attending Private Pediatric and Child Clinics, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2017, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8546192
Jama, A., Gebreyesus, H., Wubayehu, T., Gebregyorgis, T., Teweldemedhin, M., Berhe, T., & Berhe, N. (2020). Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and its associated factors among children age 6-24 months in Burao district, Somaliland. International Breastfeeding Journal, 15(1), 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-020-0252-7
Kemenkes RI. (2021). Laporan Kerja Kementerian Kesehatan Tahun 2020.
Latorre, G., Martinelli, D., Guida, P., Masi, E., De Benedictis, R., & Maggio, L. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic lockdown on exclusive breastfeeding in non-infected mothers. International Breastfeeding Journal, 16(1), 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-021-00382-4
Leavy, P. (2017). Research Design: Quantitative, Qualitative, Mixed Methods, Arts-Based, and Community-Based Participatory Research Approaches (1st ed.). The Guilford Press. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=yj2VEAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false
Lubbe, W., Botha, E., Niela-Vilen, H., & Reimers, P. (2020). Breastfeeding during the Covid-19 pandemic - a literature review for clinical practice. International Breastfeeding Journal, 15(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-020-00319-3
Muthoharoh, H. (2020). Pemberian Makanan Pendamping Air Susu Ibu Secara Dini Pada Bayi Usia 0-6 Bulan Berdasarkan Pengetahuan Keluarga. Window of Health : Jurnal Kesehatan, 3(3), 259–266. https://doi.org/10.33368/woh.v0i0.371
Ningsih, S. R., Faradilah, A., & Rahim, R. (2021). Hubungan Praktik Menyusui dengan Status Gizi dan Skor Kuisoner Pra Skrining Perkembangan ( KPSP ) pada Anak usia 1 – 3 Tahun. Window of Health Jurnal Kesehatan, 04(01), 65–74. https://doi.org/10.33096/woh.v0i0.304
Nuampa, S., Ratinthorn, A., Patil, C. L., Kuesakul, K., Prasong, S., & Sudphet, M. (2022). Impact of personal and environmental factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding practices in the first six months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Thailand: a mixed-methods approach. International Breastfeeding Journal, 17(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13006-022-00515-3
Nurbaya, N. (2021). Konseling Menyusui (1 ed.). Syiah Kuala University Press.
Rollins, N., Minckas, N., Jehan, F., Lodha, R., Raiten, D., Thorne, C., Van de Perre, P., Ververs, M., Walker, N., Bahl, R., & Victora, C. G. (2021). A public health approach for deciding policy on infant feeding and mother–infant contact in the context of Covid-19. The Lancet Global Health, 9(4), e552–e557. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30538-6
Sundari, & Masnilawati, A. (2018). Pengetahuan Meningkatkan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif pada Ibu di Makassar. Window of Health Jurnal Kesehatan, 1(1), 1–5. https://jurnal.fkmumi.ac.id/index.php/woh/article/view/554
Syukri, M., Nurbaya, N., Nurcahyani, I. D., Nafilata, I., & Eskadela, M. (2022). Faktor Penghambat Pemberian ASI Ekslusif Pada Ibu. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan, 4(1), 163–173. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36590/jika.v4i1.248
Tomori, C., Gribble, K., Palmquist, A. E. L., Ververs, M. T., & Gross, M. S. (2020). When separation is not the answer: Breastfeeding mothers and infants affected by Covid-19. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 16(4), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13033
UNICEF. (2018). Breastfeeding: A Mother’s Gift, for Every Child.
UNICEF. (2022). Breastfeeding safely during the COVID-19 pandemic. UNICEF.
WHO. (2020). Covid-19 and breastfeeding position paper. In 2020 (hal. 1). https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/437788/breastfeeding-COVID-19.pdf
Williams, J., Namazova-Baranova, L., Weber, M., Vural, M., Mestrovic, J., Carrasco-Sanz, A., Breda, J., Berdzuli, N., & Pettoello-Mantovani, M. (2020). The Importance of Continuing Breastfeeding during Coronavirus Disease-2019: In Support of the World Health Organization Statement on Breastfeeding during the Pandemic. The Journal of Pediatrics, 223(1), 234–236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.05.009