Efek dan Pencegahan Pernikahan Dini Pada Remaja: Studi Literatur


Marriage is a very sacred thing and maintains the integrity of the family by looking at several aspects of a person's physical, spiritual and psychological aspects that support happiness. Early marriage is marriage that has not reached the age of 18 years. This is referred to as one of the social pathologies that cause or poverty. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) on education, maternal health, poverty, women's empowerment and human rights cannot be achieved if the problem of early marriage is not addressed in many low and medium prayer countries. The results of the investigation of the literature study from these 15 articles can be described that the occurrence of early marriage can be caused by several factors, namely economic problems, customs, education, decision makers are parents, living in rural areas. Some of the effects that can occur in early marriage are domestic violence, psychosocial burden and stress, reduction, illness, women's independence, health of mothers and children, and the level of school activity of children. Intervention efforts that can be made are increasing education and knowledge, media exposure, peer education methods, involving religious shops, social in educational activities for adolescents. From the results of this literature study, it can provide an understanding of the development and prevention of early marriage and seek therapeutic and comprehensive preventive measures.


Abera, M., Nega, A., Tefera, Y., & Gelagay, A. A. (2020). Early marriage and women’s empowerment: the case of child-brides in Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 20(1), 30. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12914-020-00249-5

Alem, A. Z., Yeshaw, Y., Kebede, S. A., Liyew, A. M., Tesema, G. A., Agegnehu, C. D., & Teshale, A. B. (2020). Spatial distribution and determinants of early marriage among married women in ethiopia: a spatial and multilevel analysis. BMC Women’s Health, 20(1), 1–13. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12905-020-01070-x;

Alfa, F. R. (2019). Pernikahan Dini dan Perceraian di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Ahwal Syakhshiyyah (JAS), 1(1), 49–56. http://download.garuda.kemdikbud.go.id/article.php?article=1796504&val=19004&title=PERNIKAHAN DINI DAN PERCERAIAN DI INDONESIA

Amoako Johnson, F., Abu, M., & Utazi, C. E. (2019). Geospatial correlates of early marriage and union formation in Ghana. PLOS ONE, 14(10), e0223296. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223296

Amzat, J. (2020). Faith Effect and Voice on Early Marriage in a Nigerian State. SAGE Open, 10(2), 215824402091951. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244020919513

Anugrah, D., Muhiddin, A., & Ma’ruf, A. (2020). Strategi Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Menangani Pernikahan Dini di Kecamatan Sinjai Selatan Kabupaten Sinjai. Kajian Ilmiah Mahasiswa Administrasi Publik (KIMAP), 1(1), 203–217. https://journal.unismuh.ac.id/index.php/kimap/article/view/3680

Aychiluhm, S. B., Tesema, A. K., & Tadesse, A. W. (2021). Early Marriage and Its Determinants among Married Reproductive Age Group Women in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia: A Multilevel Analysis. BioMed Research International, 2021, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/1969721

Bastomi, H. (2016). Pernikahan Dini Dan Dampaknya (Tinjauan Batas Umur Perkawinanmenurut Hukum Islam Dan Hukum Perkawinan Indonesia). YUDISIA: Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum dan Hukum Islam, 7(2), 354–384. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/yudisia.v7i2.2160

Bengesai, A. V, Amusa, L. B., & Makonye, F. (2021). The impact of girl child marriage on the completion of the first cycle of secondary education in Zimbabwe: A propensity score analysis. PLOS ONE, 16(6), e0252413. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0252413

Dahriah, D., Jabbar, A., & Rusdi, M. (2020). Strategi Pemerintah dalam Meminimalisir Pernikahan Dini di Kecamatan Maritengngae Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang. PRAJA: Jurnal Ilmiah Pemerintahan, 8(3), 163–172. https://doi.org/10.55678/prj.v8i3.291

Delprato, M., Akyeampong, K., & Dunne, M. (2017a). The impact of bullying on students’ learning in Latin America: A matching approach for 15 countries. International Journal of Educational Development, 52(3–4), 37–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2016.10.002

Delprato, M., Akyeampong, K., & Dunne, M. (2017b). Intergenerational Education Effects of Early Marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Development, 91, 173–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.11.010

Glick, P., Handy, C., & Sahn, D. E. (2015). Schooling, marriage, and age at first birth in Madagascar. Population Studies, 69(2), 219–236. https://doi.org/10.1080/00324728.2015.1053513

Mehra, D., Sarkar, A., Sreenath, P., Behera, J., & Mehra, S. (2018). Effectiveness of a community based intervention to delay early marriage, early pregnancy and improve school retention among adolescents in India. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 732. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5586-3

Mubarak, M. Z., Rispawati, R., & Yuliatin, Y. (2022). Upaya Pemerintah Desa dalam Menangani Pernikahan Usia Anak. MANAZHIM, 4(2), 319–337. https://doi.org/10.36088/manazhim.v4i2.1846

Rahayu, W. D., & Wahyuni, H. (2020). The Influence of Early Marriage on Monetary Poverty In Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Economy & Business, 35(1). https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/297709025.pdf

Rahmawati, M. N., Rohaedi, S., & Sumartini, S. (2019). Tingkat Stres Dan Indikator Stres Pada Remaja Yang Melakukan Pernikahan Dini. JURNAL PENDIDIKAN KEPERAWATAN INDONESIA, 5(1), 25–33. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v5i1.11180

Svanemyr, J., Chandra-Mouli, V., Christiansen, C. S., & Mbizvo, M. (2012). Preventing child marriages: first international day of the girl child “my life, my right, end child marriage.” Reproductive Health, 9(1), 31. https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-4755-9-31

Talukder, A., Hasan, M. M., Razu, S. R., & Hossain, Z. (2020). Early marriage in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study exploring the associated factors. Journal of international women’s studies., 21(1), 68–78. http://dro.dur.ac.uk/32149/1/32149.pdf?DDD21+gnch57

UNICEF. (2022). Child marriage. https://www.unicef.org/protection/child-marriage
How to Cite
HARDIYATI, Hardiyati; HASIR, Hasir; SUPRATTI, Supratti. Efek dan Pencegahan Pernikahan Dini Pada Remaja: Studi Literatur. Jurnal Kebidanan Malakbi, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 32-41, jan. 2023. ISSN 2720-8842. Available at: <http://jurnal.poltekkesmamuju.ac.id/index.php/b/article/view/619>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.33490/b.v4i1.619.